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A Critical Edition of Ibn al-Haytham’s On the Shape of the Eclipse

A Critical Edition of Ibn al-Haytham’s On the Shape of the Eclipse

autor:
Dominique Raynaud
 
editor:
Springer International Publishing
 
edição:
1
 
ano de publicação:
2016
 
idioma:
Inglês
 
ISBN:
9783319479910
 
nº de páginas:
316
 
formato:
ileio (leitura online e APP)
 

This book provides the first critical edition of Ibn al-Haytham’s On the Shape of the Eclipse with English translation and commentary, which records the first scientific analysis of the camera obscura. On the Shape of the Eclipse includes pioneering research on the conditions of formation of the image, in a time deemed to be committed to aniconism. It also provides an early attempt to merge the two branches of Ancient optics—the theory of light and theory of vision. What perhaps most strongly characterizes this treatise is the close interaction of a geometric analysis of light and experimental reasoning. Ibn al-Haytham conducted his experiments in a systematic way by varying all that could be changed: the shape and size of the aperture, the focal length of the camera obscura, the distance and shape of the celestial bodies. This way, he achieved a thorough understanding. This work represents a decisive step in both the history of optics and the application of the experimental method that was just as efficient in medieval Islam as today.

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Leitura online: um utilizador por sessão (sem simultaneidade)
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